Silicone bracelets have become quite a craze nowadays as a promotion or charity tool; fashion accessory or party gifts etc. people from all age groups are seen wearing a silicone bracelet with a message or design showcasing some cause or particular event. But what are these silicone bracelets or wristbands really made of? These bracelets are made from 100 percent silicone. Silicone is a man made industrial polymer from the silicon which is an element discovered by Jons Jacob Bezelins in 1824(makes up 25% of the earth's crust by weight). So, the manufacturers prefer to use silicone over other materials like leather or metal which are much more expensive and are not as durable and resistant to water/heat etc. like silicone is. The various characteristics which make it a good product to make accessories like silicone wristbands or bracelets are listed below: Durable: Silicone is a very tough and durable material. It is heat resistant, scratch resistant and if it's of good quality will retain their original shape even if they are stored for quite some time. Waterproof: Silicone is used for waterproofing the various items around our house like windows etc. So, using silicone to make the bracelets will make them water resistant and if the messages are actually engrave/ debossed then the message or the design will be retained in water for long and will not fade off. Flexible: The elasticity of the silicone material is good .This means that the silicone bracelets won't easily snap-off. People don't want their silicone bracelets where they place either their names, or other messages for a cause to break off that easily. Normal silicone bracelets are elastic like rubber due to which they are also known as rubber bracelets. But the bracelets which are not elastic and easily snap off are of poor quality and these are the "factory cuts" on the bracelet, due to which they snap off when the silicone bracelet is stretched. Smooth Texture: The surface of the wristbands made from silicone is smooth to the touch making it very comfortable to wear. Some bracelets have poor quality texture i.e. the surface of the bracelet is either too sticky or the texture is too rough or maybe some lumps etc.We should ensure that the texture of the silicone bracelet is smooth by using good quality of silicone. Stable Material: Silicone does not react or melt if its colored or certain customizations are done on it. Hence it's quite an inert material making it quite safe and open to experimentations by the manufacturers to come up with more and more unique and innovative silicone wristbands or bracelets.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the cost of SRS & Abdominal Skin Graft (for extra depth) surgery ?
That price is also in this list. If you read the entire list, it may cut back on questions.
Costs of GRS
The cost of surgeries quoted here is including surgeon fee, anesthetist fee, hospitalization for 15 days, operation and anesthesia, transportation between hospital and hotel (and airport), follow up, It does not include hotel room before admission and after release from the hospital,phone call outside Phuket and international phone call made from the room,
Payment by traveler check, Major credit card or cash in any currencies. No advance deposit. The waiting list is between 7-9 months.
GRS with penile skin flap and scrotum skin graft vaginoplasty, sensate clitoroplasty and labiaplasty using prepuce skin flap and Glans penis costs 8,000US$ and if extra skin graft is needed to provide more depth , it will cost 1,000US$ in additional. This is including the surgeon's fee, anesthesia, operation cost, hospitalization for approximately 2 weeks , and no deposit needed. But it is not including international phone calls and hotel room.
Tracheal shave will cost 800US$.
For secondary colon vaginoplasty, the cost is 7,000US$ including 9-11 days hospitalization. If combination of colon and extra skin graft needed, It costs 7,500US$.
For cosmetic labiaplasty and urethroplasty, the cost is 1,500 US$.
For breast implants, the package price is 2,800 US$, which includes either saline or silicone gel prosthesis.The incision could be placed either at nipple, breast fold or axilla. Prosthesis also could be placed under or over chest muscle. This operation could be done in the same setting with SRS.
Brow lift/shave costs 2,000US$.
What is the cost of SRS with Breast Implant and Scrotal Skin Graft Surgery ?
Costs of GRS
Tracheal shave will cost 800US$.
For cosmetic labiaplasty and urethroplasty, the cost is 1,500 US$.
Brow lift/shave costs 2,000US$.
would like to know about sex change operations in singapore.how much it costs?from female t o male.?
which hospitals have the sex change operation in singapore?how much it costs for female to male?how long does it take to change fully to male?can the female have normal sex like a guy?is the penis real?can the ejaculation make any women pregnant?before surgey,any pychiatrists needed?what to be mentally prepared?will the identitiy card be change?i heard japan have goof surgery,how much it costs?thailand also have.is it safe?how much it costs
a female-to-male sex change procedure can cost nearly ,000.
Female to Male (FTM)
Gender Reassignment Surgery (GRS)
In this procedure the clitoral hood is lifted and the suspensory ligament of the clitoris is detached from the pubic bone, allowing the clitoris to extend out further. When the female tissues have been primed with testosterone, the clitoral head may resemble an adolescent glans penis. An embryonic urethral plate must be teased away from the underside of the clitoris to permit outward extension and a visible erection.
For those patients who desire to void standing, the urethra is extended into the neo-penis. This may be accomplished simultaneously or performed secondarily using either a vaginal flap or buccal mucosal graft.
Please understand in that metoidioplasty involves a fair amount of tissue transfer, some degree of post-operative swelling is expected. Complications may include but are not limited to less than anticipated length, torquing of the clitoris (usually amenable to release), loss of sensation, tissue necrosis, localized infection, persistent tenderness or hypersensitivity, transient or permanent narrowing of the vaginal opening which may render the vagina incapable of penile penetration, urethral narrowing, urethral obstruction, and urethral fistula (leakage of urine anywhere along the pathway of urethral extension). Between the first and second stages leading to urethral extension, voiding patterns and trajectory may be forwards or backwards and may splash wetting perineal, labial and vaginal skin.
Testicular prostheses and scrotalplasty ,000.
Penile Implantation for the Neo-Phallus patient.
A penile prosthesis confers the wherewithal to penetrate which may be the defining moment for a successful conclusion to gender reassignment surgery. Clearly the intimacy of complete sexual contact is sought equally by patients and their partners.
Fee including inflatable prosthesis ,000.
Insertion of Testicular Implants into Labia.
This should be performed as a procedure unto itself or with urethral extension to minimize complications. To prepare the labia majora for implantation, a tissue expander may be employed for a few months. This also creates a more pleasing scrotal appearance.
Soft silicone implants are used and are available in varying sizes.
Fee including prostheses ,000.
Breasts are universally recognized as a symbol of nourishment, love, femininity and sexuality.
Breast augmentation is the second most popular cosmetic procedure performed (following liposuction), about 254,000 cases per year in the United States.
Breast prostheses applicable for standard implantation are typically saline filled and those for reconstructive surgery may be cohesive silicone gel filled. Cohesive gel implants when cut on the laboratory bench maintain their shape and do not leak. Perhaps in a few years cohesive gel implants could be used without restriction.
Prostheses come in difference profiles and some are anatomical in shape, i.e. tear dropped, being fuller in the lower pole.
The average expectancy of a saline filled breast prosthesis is about 16 years. However the likelihood that revisionary surgery will be performed within 5 years is about 25% across the board. The most common reasons for implant replacement are for request of size change 37%, leakage or rupture 24%, capsular contracture 18%.
Compare this with a 3% incidence of re operation in Dr. John Tebbetts series involving about 1662 patients with a 7 year followup. Careful matching of the implant to the unique anatomical features of the patient explains this.
Generally I subscribe to the Tebbetts formula for appropriate size. Oversizing creates many problems including early drooping (pendulous weight effect) and "double bubble." A distortion when the base of the implant below is seen distinctly from the base of the natural breast, above, which is of lesser circumference.
Breasts as they occur naturally are not perfectly symmetrical, "sisters not twins." Some balance can be achieved by differential filling and placement. Cleavage does not occur naturally and attempts to place implants so close as to achieve this may result in synmastia, the touching of one breast prosthesis against another.
The subpectoral approach is desired especially when pinched skin thickness is narrow in the upper pole (that breast tissue above the areola). This provides greater coverage of the implant. However, an implant is seldom entirely covered by the pectoralis muscle and is really bi-planar, partially sub-glandular in the lower outer quadrant where the pectoralis muscle is absent.
Athletes should avoid a subpectoral approach as it might impede pulling.
The two most popular in incisions are inframammary and periareolar. Other procedures include transaxillary (through the arm pit) or transumbilical.
The early detection of breast tumors may be slightly enhanced with prostheses although there may be some technical problems with compression during mammography.
Scarring can be minimized by taping over the incisional area for 3 months.
Massaging post implantation may reduce capsular contracture which can occur in 8 percent of patients, but can also result in some migration secondary to broadening of the pocket.
Anticipate a variable degree of pain for 3 or 4 days, associated with tissue stretching.
With respect to the ability to successfully breast feed after breast implantation, one study reported up to 64% of women with implants who were unable to breast feed compared to 7% without implants. The periareolar incision site may significantly reduce the ability to successfully breast feed.
Our office will be happy to provide additional counseling at the time of consultation.
Fee ,500 for surgery.
Male Chest Reconstruction usually precedes below the waist surgery for FTM patients as protruding breast contours are a sin quo non of the female presentation.
While for very small breasts a peri-areolar skin excision can be performed, the problem of maintaining an adequate pedicle to support the nipple areolar complex without protrusion of the pedicle through the skin becomes challenging. Bringing skin into the borders of a contracted areola will cause puckering which hopefully with time will smooth out. A permanent fixation suture is often required to prevent tension on the suture line from causing a slowly expanding scar.
A transverse inframammary incision with free nipple areolar grafts is my preferred approach. If there is too much blousing of the skin, the alternatives are to extend the incision laterally (chasing a dog ear) or to make a vertical midline incision (inverted T).
The areola is trimmed to a pre agreed upon diameter and the nipple sectioned with a pie shaped excision and reconstituted.
Although the patient must be cautioned there may be varying sensory loss because of nerve disruption, our limited experience has been favorable in this regard as distal nerves are known to regenerate.
Nipple areolar grafts must be kept wet with saline soaked gauze re-moistened every 3 hours for at least 5 days to maintain tissue viability until capillary buds grow into the graft.
Plan on having a roommate or spouse do this for you throughout the night.
Some crusting of the grafts is not unusual and will usually shed by the 3 or 4th week. By all means do not lift or pick them off as the adherence of the graft may be very tenuous and its viability very fragile.
After tissue settling some revision surgery may be required and is usually done for a nominal fee relating only to use of the facility and anesthetic services if required (as opposed to being done under local).
Breast sizes greater than a C, need to be done in hospital setting.
Fee ,000-,500 for surgery.
change gender from f to m.?
when a female change her gender to become male (through surgery) does she become able to perform normal "sex"?
but before that how can the "member" be planted? or where does she get it ?
and generally could any one did this surgery "m to f" or "f to m" live a normal life and having their own children?
Well, it depends what you mean by "normal sex" . . . frankly, I always thought that all sex and means of pleasuring a person and yourself fell under "normal sex".
If you mean penis-in-vagina penetrative sex, then yes, if is possible for FtM transmen, although it depends on what surgery he gets (if he gets any at all, since they're notoriously expensive and still don't create phalluses that can rival biological penises that way MtF surgery can create flawless vaginas- as they say, it's 'easier to dig a hole than build a pole').
Well, it depends on the type of surgery. If it is a cliordectomy or a metoidioplasty, then all that is happening is an enlargement of the clitoris, which is made of the same basic stuff of that penile tissue is made of. The testosterone that female-to-male transsexuals take already enlarge the clitoris, sometimes up to two or three inches (it just depends) and give it a "head" just like biological men have. The metoidioplasty surgery moves the clitoris forward and out so that it hangs a little lower, but doesn't actually add anything to the organ. In terms of sexual functioning, ordinary women's clitorises become erect just like a penis, so the new organ, enlargened from the testosterone and sugery, will also become erect, and is sometimes large enough for shallow penetration to occur.
If it is a phalloplasty, which results in a penis in similar size to that of a biological man, then it's somewhat different: the organ is made from donated skin and nerves (usually from an arm). It's a complex procedure, and it still isn't that great of a surgery, the way that male-to-female bottom surgery is (as they say, "it's easier to dig a hole than build a pole"). Phalloplasties are pretty good for what they are, but they still can't rival a biological penis at all in terms of looks. In terms of sexual functioning, while the new penis is 'hooked up' to the genitals, so to speak, and has feeling, the same sexual reaction won't occur from the brain sending bloodflow to the organ for an erection. It will remain flaccid. FtM's with this sort of organ have a way around that, however- they use a pump device located in their bodies to achieve erection, just the same as a lot biological men who are impotent or have erectile dysfunction. Then deep, penetrating sex is possible.
Neither types can ejaculate- they don't have the internal system to produce semen, even if a set of testicles are added (by stretching the labia around silicone implants). It's just the same way that a MtF can't become pregnant because although a vagina was installed, a uterus cannot be- we don't have the capabilities to create vas deferens and all that piping and everything necessary. Therefore, no, it isn't possible for an FtM to impregnate someone. An FtM can, however, have children, up to a certain point, before their hormones have made them sterile and if they have not had a hysterectomy; many FtM's quit taking hormones in order to start having their periods again and get pregnant, and then have their own biological children (alternatively, it would be possible to remove and save their eggs beforehand, to be fertilized and put in a surrogate mother later, too). There's a really cool picture of a pregnant FtM here: http://www.deviantart.com/deviation/50262334/?qo=13&q=by%3Akaeltblock&qh=sort%3Atime+-in%3Ascraps
Anyhow, I hope that's helped you understand how things work a little bit better. Like I said, FtM bottom surgery isn't as great as it ought to be yet, and many transmen simply opt not to get any surgeries, and may be fine and dandy with that. They can definitely live normal, happy lives.